Established in 1929 with the Lateran Treaty, the Vatican is a sovereign state whose territory consists of a walled enclave within the city of Rome. The tour starts with the Vatican museums where you will encounter amazing collections of statues, paintings, tapestries and geographical maps. Enjoy viewing the apartment of Pope Julius II decorated by Raphael, and Michelangelo’s stunning artwork during the renaissance era in the fabulous Sistine Chapel. Last, but not least is the experience of St. Peter’s Basilica, constructed by the Christians above the tomb of the Apostle Peter, center of Catholicism during the past 1,700 years.